For many centuries farmers have been using the manual methods for farming. But, as the technology is progressing, it has proven itself as a boon to the farmers. It has helped farmers to use technology to cultivate maximum yield out of their fields.

As we all know that water is an integral part of the framing. The harvesting of the crops depends upon the water. But, farmers face a grave issue of water usage. That’s where IoT comes into the picture.

Automated irrigation has helped farmers to monitor the amount of water provided to the crops. There are 2 types of methods used in automated irrigation – 1. Sensor-based, 2. Timer based.

In the sensor based irrigation method, it reads the moisture content, the temperature of the soil, weather conditions like humidity, rainfall, snow. And, it schedules the irrigation to accordingly.

Additionally, the sensors detect the level of residual fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals in the soil. So that, it can calculate the components of fertilizers and other chemicals, and schedule the addition of the same.

In timer based automated irrigation method, the water is provided to the crops at a certain time. If the area of the field is larger because of which it becomes difficult to keep the surveillance on of water supply, timer-based irrigation is the best solution.

Automated irrigation will provide a great benefit to the farmers. It will substantially increase the crop yield and the quality of the crops. Additionally, it will help to save the water, as it eliminates the unnecessary wastage of water.

Automated irrigation has become a great boon to the agriculture community. In a country like India, where the problem of drought is faced, automated irrigation will definitely help to minimize the intensity of it.

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